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Jung(Basic concept and principles: The psyche)Analytical theory

Jung Analytical Psychology

Jung’s analytical psychology was the most unusual theory in the entire body of work on personality. Although it provides various sagacities into personality functioning, it is very difficult to understand. It is complex, esoteric, and, in many respects, obscure. 

Theory basic idea ( The psyche)

Jung considered the total personality as the psyche. He originates of it as a nonphysical space that has its own special reality. Through the psyche, energy continued in various directions—from consciousness to unconsciousness and back, and from inner to outer reality and back. Jung called this psychic energy to be a real and to be interchangeable with libido. According to Jung libido is general life-process energy in which sexual urges are only one aspect. 
Psychic energy cannot be touched or felt but that we know exists through its effects. Sometimes it considered as an outcome of the conflict between forces within the personality.
There are three basic principles include in the psyche.

  1: Principle of opposites:

 The structures of the psyche are continually opposed to one another. For example, ideas in consciousness and ideas residing in the unconscious may conflict. It's an outcome of the conflict between forces within the personality. Without conflict, there is no energy and no life. Love and hatred of a person can exist within a psyche, creating tension and new energy that seeks expression in behavior. According to Jung two opposites forces come and combine as a result a force arises which influence our personality this is called the principle of opposites.

  2: Principle of equivalence 

 It is an increase in some aspect of psychic functioning is met by a compensatory decrease in functioning in another part of the psyche, and a decrease in some aspect of psychic functioning is met by a compensatory increase in functioning in another area of the psyche. Jung’s position is similar in this respect to Freud’s notion of displacement. For example, two tasks are given to a person he put more energy in one and automatically or unconsciously put less energy to another task to become balanced. The main function of this principle is to create balance.

  3: Principle of entropy

The process within the psyche whereby elements of unequal strength seek psychological equilibrium. If energy is concentrated in the ego.If ego energy is high ego transfer energy from conscious to the unconscious for the purpose of gain balance or equilibrium. for example, tension will be generated in the psyche to move energy from the conscious to the unconscious in order to create a balance.
 The ego is not useless or obsolete in the final system; it exists, but in balance with the other aspects of the psyche

Ego

 According to Jung the ego, which is at the center of consciousness, is a unifying force in the psyche. It is responsible for our feelings of identity and continuity as human beings. Thus, the ego contains the conscious thoughts of our own behavior and feelings, as well as memories of our experiences.











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