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Jung (basic concept: 4 functions of Jung)Personality typology

4 Functions of Jung personality

Alongside the basic attitudes of introversion and extraversion, Jung postulated four functions, or ways in which people relate to the world:

 sensing, thinking, feeling, and intuiting.

Jung called thinking and feeling rational functions because they involve making judgments about experiences. Sensation and intuition he labeled the irrational functions because they involve passively recording experiences without evaluating or interpreting them.

Personality Typology

Out of the two basic attitudes and four functions, Jung fashioned an eightfold classification theory of psychological types. In his classic work on the subject, however, Jung focused his attention on eight of the possibilities—namely, introverted and extraverted thinking, feeling, sensing, and intuitive types.

1: The extraverted thinking type 

 According to Jung, the extraverted thinking type is characterized by a need. A person who is developing extroverted thinking in a negative fashion may appear concerned about the welfare of other people but in reality is concerned only with the attainment of personal goals—for example, the self-serving activist who exploits the friendship of other people to further his or her aims.

2: The introverted thinking type 

 The subjective foundation of the introverted thinker is the collective unconscious. Creative ideas spring from this source and not from outside sources such as traditional moral authority. As a result of this focus on internal forces, the introverted thinker appears cold, aloof, and inconsiderate of others. In addition, he or she tends to be inept socially and inarticulate in attempts to communicate ideas.

3: The extraverted feeling type 

 The feelings and behavior of such individuals are controlled by social norms—that is, by the expectations of others. As a consequence, their feelings change from situation to situation and from person to person.

4: The introverted feeling type 

They are quite, inaccessible, and not easily understandable: often they hide behind a childish mask, and their temperament is pensive. Although they appear unfeeling toward other people, in reality, they are capable of intense emotion, originating in the collective unconscious, that can erupt in religious or poetic form

5: The extraverted sensing type 

 Experiencing sensations becomes almost an end in itself. Each experience serves as a guide to a new experience. Such people are usually outgoing and jolly and have a considerable capacity for enjoyment, some of which revolves around good food. In addition, they have often refined aesthetes, concerned with matters of good taste in painting, sculpture, and literature, as well as food and physical appearance. 

6: The introverted sensing type 

 They may appear rational and in complete control of their actions because they are unrelated to objects in the environment, including other people. Such types may also treat the objective world (external reality) as mere appearance, or even as a joke.

7: The extraverted intuitive type 

On the positive side, these people are the initiators and promoters of promising enterprises, and often inspire others to great accomplishments. Politicians, merchants, contractors, and speculators are examples of this type.

8: The introverted intuitive type

 Such people may be considered enigmatic even by close friends. On the positive side, they may become great visionaries and mystics; on the negative side, they may develop into artistic cranks who espouse idiosyncratic language and visions. 

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