About Me

Alfred Adler ( Assessment Techniques )

  • Assessment Techniques
Adler like Freud focuses on early childhood experiences to understand individual psychology. Basically, He used three major techniques.
  •  Early recollections
  •  Dream analysis
  •  Birth-order analysis

  1.  Early Recollection
Adler concludes that reports by patients of their earliest memories provided valuable insights into their unique styles of life. He assumed that patients were very willing to discuss these memories. Often these memories were based on actual experiences, but sometimes they were fanciful. Whether real or imaginary, Adler thought they still revealed important meanings and gave a brief look of the person’s strivings for superiority. Researchers have begun to examine how early recollections can reveal facets of individuals’ personality traits and self-concept.

  • Dream Analysis 

Adler also utilized dream analysis as a major technique for understanding each patient’s personality. Unlike Freud, however, he did not focus on sexual interpretations of manifest dream content. Instead, he believed that a person’s dreams are determined by his or her goal of superiority. 

More specifically, dreams reflect the individual’s unconscious attempts to achieve personal goals in accordance with his or her unique style of life. The student who is courageous and unafraid of examinations, for example, my dream of climbing a mountain and enjoying the view from the top, whereas the student who is a quitter and wants to postpone examinations may dream of falling off the mountain (Adler, 1969, p. 70). Each student’s dreams are controlled by his or her unique style of life. For Adler, dreams also provide glimpses of the future and thus suggest potential solutions to the person’s problems. 

  • Birth-Order Analysis 

Birth-Order Analysis Adler’s third technique for understanding the patient’s personality was birth-order analysis. Adler believed that a correct analysis of the effects of patients’birth positions on their subsequent behavior would help win their confidence. This emphasis on unavoidable childhood circumstances also helps patients to stop blaming themselves for developing a faulty style of life (Forer, 1977, p. 110). Reducing self-blame and resistance, in turn, enables patients to adopt more constructive goals and behavior.

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